Hunger in Holland: Life During the Nazi Occupation

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The two daughters grew up fast and followed their mother's example of working hard, rationing and controlling what they could to stay alive in the most miserable of circumstances. One by one, all the conveniences of modern life were shut off, right down to running water and electricity. They were down to one cup of hard, shriveled up peas a day to live on before the Allies finally liberated the country in I highly recommend this book for its unique perspective on World War II and the perspective gained by the reader.

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You'll never take your freedom and 3 edible meals a day for granted again. Feb 04, Jennifer rated it it was amazing. My opa was actually in Amsterdam during the Nazi occupation he was born in , so it was personally intriguing for me. He didn't really speak of that time in his life, possibly because I was a kid at the time, or maybe even because it was too tramatic for him. So to have an account of what life was like for the non-Jewish Dutch citizens during that time was heartbreaking, but also fascinating. The book was written by a woman who was a young teenager at the time, and she details what her My opa was actually in Amsterdam during the Nazi occupation he was born in , so it was personally intriguing for me.

The book was written by a woman who was a young teenager at the time, and she details what her family went through in the span of about 4 to 5 years. Great, great read. Highly recommend it.

Amsterdam and the Netherlands after Liberation by the Canadians in 1945 (in color and HD)

Nov 25, Lori rated it liked it. My mom lived in Nazi-occupied Holland from the ages of years old. Having just visited her childhood home for the first time this spring, I was intrigued to find out what it must have been like during the occupation. The author does a great job of painting a vivid picture of everyday wartime life that left me feeling grateful for my freedom.

Good book--obviously published on a shoestring budget, but a good read nonetheless. Jul 13, Sandra rated it really liked it. This is a WW2 novel similar to Anne Franks diary, in that it is written from the eye's of a young girl. All similarities end there, though. I found the struggle and detail about living through the occupation most intriguing. Aug 22, Virginia added it. Very detailed description of life under the German occupation and how families survived. Nov 08, Liz Hietkamp rated it really liked it Shelves: non-fiction.

My parents were both children during this time period, and neither discussed it much. This provided some insight into their lives.

Dec 01, Julie rated it it was amazing. One of the most life changing books, for me personally, that I have ever read. Jan 27, Judy rated it it was amazing Shelves: holland , netherlands , non-fiction , occupation , wwii , starvation , favorite. Excellent book about the starvation in Holland during the Nazi occupation. Karoly Ferreri rated it it was amazing Dec 12, Stacy rated it really liked it Mar 22, Ann Drew rated it it was amazing Sep 19, Kathryn rated it really liked it May 28, Amy rated it really liked it Nov 03, Randy rated it it was ok Feb 05, Alyssa rated it it was amazing Aug 27, Heather Stone rated it it was amazing Apr 06, Pam rated it really liked it Feb 04, Mark Cooper rated it really liked it Apr 09, Ghi Dean rated it it was amazing May 24, Dianne rated it really liked it Sep 25, Jw Mchenry rated it really liked it Oct 28, DeJong rated it it was amazing Aug 06, Jaclyn added it Jan 23, Glen marked it as to-read Jul 25, Madamebovary added it Dec 21, Angela added it Dec 21, Sheila marked it as to-read Aug 19, Annette Russell added it Sep 11, Rachel marked it as to-read May 23, Laurie P marked it as to-read Feb 05, Bonnie marked it as to-read Oct 06, Janilyn Kocher added it Oct 20, Guruguru marked it as to-read Apr 20, Melissa Arps marked it as to-read Jul 01, Danielle marked it as to-read Feb 06, Laura marked it as to-read Mar 30, Hanna-col marked it as to-read Apr 27, Xiaoqin marked it as to-read Jul 16, Ruth was incarcerated in Westerbork in and later Bergen-Belsen with her mother and two sisters.

This is an extract from a report by Bene Otto, the German Foreign Office Representative in Holland on the progress of Jewish deportations from the country. Of these, 72, have been deported to work in the east. Another 10, Jews have left the country in other ways deportations to Reich German concentration camps, internment camp, relocation to Theresienstadt, emigration, flight from the country. This report was made by Miss E De. Boer, explaining some aspects of the persecution that Jews faced following the Nazi invasion and occupation of Holland.

This is a banknote from Westerbork Concentration Camp, issued on the 15 February and worth 10 cents. As normal currency was banned and confiscated in the camp, these vouchers were distributed as an incentive for inmates to complete work. This is a part of a ration card from the Netherlands during the Second World War, entitling the holder to twenty rations of meat.

Food in the Netherlands was rationed throughout the Nazi occupation. Within four days, after witnessing the bombing of Rotterdam and the threat of the same in Amsterdam, the Dutch army surrendered. Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands fled to Great Britain, where she established a government-in-exile. After Hitler came to power in , many German Jews began to emigrate to the Netherlands.

The Netherlands had remained a neutral power during the First World War, and so many German Jews believed that they would be safe from persecution there.

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The Netherlands was home to , Jews, with approximately 75, Jews living in the capital, Amsterdam. Following this, Jewish students were also expelled from schools and universities. In January , all Jews living within the Netherlands were ordered to register themselves with the SS. A total of , persons registered, including 19, born of mixed marriages. The total also included approximately 25, Jewish refugees from Germany.

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In January , persecution escalated as the Nazis ordered the concentration of Jews in Amsterdam. In July , the Germans began transporting Jews who had gathered in Amsterdam to Westerbork, a camp in the north-east of the Netherlands. Westerbork was a transit camp , and Jews were then transported again to extermination camps in the east.

The Dutch police actively collaborated and assisted the German authorities in the rounding up of Jews on the streets or in their homes. Dutch railway workers also administered and operated the trains in which Jews were deported to and from Westerbork. Of this number, only 5, people survived. The Nazis soon realised that their antisemitic actions would not be able to be easily implemented without resistance from the population of the Netherlands.

In response to this fight, the Germans arrested young people and transported them to Buchenwald. Many of the Dutch population were outraged at this open show of brutality. In response, many Dutch workers went on strike on the 25 February The strike was violently suppressed by the Nazis, forcing the Dutch population back to work. Some of the Dutch population also actively involved themselves more covertly by hiding some Jews from the Nazis.

In total, 25,, Jews managed to go into hiding assisted by the Dutch underground. Of this number, two-thirds managed to survive. Dear Brother! I wish you luck and a flourishing future. Your faithful sister. This drawing also features in the notebook made by Sonja Jaslowitz for her brother Harry. The drawing shows Sonja and Harry saying goodbye at the station as Harry departs for England.

Sonja and her parents went through several ghettos and concentration camps in Transnistria, and survived. Tragically, shortly after liberation her father contracted Tuberculosis and died. Sonja was killed shortly after by a British bomb on Bucharest. She was seventeen. Their mother, Lotte, travelled to England where she was reunited with Harry.

This report is from the Einszatgruppen , killing squads which followed behind the German Army. This report details the collaboration and help offered by the Romanian police.

The Hunger Winter

Romania was not occupied but allied with Nazi Germany from onwards, collaborating with them in policy and in the war. Romania actively assisted the Nazis in the invasion of the Soviet Union. The Romanian army and police forces collaborated with the Nazis helping to plan and carry out the murders of thousands of Jews. The new government signed an agreement with the Soviet Union that formally acknowledged that Romania was no longer allied with Germany. The Iron Guard, the political party brought into government by Antonescu, initially led the physical attacks on Jews in Romania.

Jews were beaten up in the streets, and often killed as a result of random attacks on their homes and businesses. The Antonescu government also escalated prior antisemitic laws implemented by previous governments to restrict every area of Jewish life.

Hungary – The Holocaust Explained: Designed for schools

Jews were banned from owning any type of rural property. Jewish businesses were nationalised. Jews were excluded from almost every profession of work, and all areas of education both as teachers and students. From the 27 July , Jews were not allowed to travel. More camps soon followed, such as Bogdanovka , where over 40, Jews perished at the hands of the Romanian authorities. This is a collection of antisemitic and nationalist stickers and notices that were collected by George Burger, a Hungarian Jew, prior to the Second World War.

The collection helps to evidence the popularity of these ideas in Hungary at that time.

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This account is by Mitzi Klamer, one of the few Hungarian Jewish women who managed to escape Budapest with fake papers and survive the war with her family by living in the countryside. The report describes some of the conditions and terror faced by Mitzi. In line with the Nazis policies towards Jews, in the Hungarian government deported approximately 20, non-Hungarian Jews to Ukraine, where they were murdered by the Einsatzgruppen. However, until , the Hungarian government refused to deport Hungarian Jews, despite the range of brutal antisemitic laws they enacted.

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  • When it became clear that the Nazis would not emerge from the war victorious, the Hungarian government attempted to pull out of the alliance with Germany, and sought an armistice with the Allies. In response, in March , Germany invaded and occupied Hungary.